The indispensable Afsana, also one of my grad students, leads storytime. She coordinated teacher training at Scholastica school and is organizing the schedule of teachers for each week.
Ariel opened Monday, Tuesday and Wednesday, at 9AM. We had 8 girls each day.
Apparently one of the slums where we recruited girls a couple of months ago has been torn down. The residents have scattered. I suspected something like this might happen.
Second, I learned that if the school is too far of a walk, parents often do not make the effort. The school is only about a 5-10 minute walk from the original recruitment pool, but it looks like that is too much for some. I did not expect this. I’ll do some recruiting nearer the school.
School itself is going really well – better than my expectations. I thought the real challenge would be attention levels: would the girls sit for an hour without fidgeting or acting up? The answer is yes.
Teacher Moushumi is drawing circles with the children. She just graduated with an English Literature degree and is very good with the kids.
The first day, they spent a lot of time rubbernecking and looking to their mothers for cues and reassurance – especially during story time. But by Day 3, there was significantly less of that. They are adapting.
They are taking to drawing like ducks to water. We have done circles, triangles, squares and rectangles (although they are finding it hard to grasp the difference between the last two). Their motor skills are all over the place, but that may be just due to the age variation.
They also seem to love washing their hands. By Day 3 (yesterday), they needed hardly any prompting to go to the washbasin.
Kushbo and Mahami have moved onto triangles. These two are quick learners.
This surprised me, because residents of the slums are famous for not diligently hand washing with soap and water. It looks like the reason is simply that they do not have running water and washbasins in their homes.
Another surprise is that the parents wanted to take the storybooks home. So on Tuesday I handed out all 5 to 5 parents, for overnight loan. They returned all 5 yesterday. So I will look to do this every day. Some parents cannot read, but they said they knew someone who could.
We wash hands at the start of our day, after we eat, and just before school ends.
I can hardly recall seeing any books in any of the myriad slum households I have visited. So I love the idea of books lying around their homes. Perhaps this can be expanded into something like a community library project?
Next week, we will introduce music into the curriculum. We will start to learn two classic Bangla children’s songs – one by Rabindranath Tagore and one by Satyajit Ray.
As I mentioned in my last email, I wanted to see what happened in the first week, then see how many turn up on the first day of the second week (this coming Sunday), before giving you a headcount for food deliveries. I think it may turn out to be between 10 and 12 next week. Will let you know.
A Monthly Donation of $64 Feeds Eight Children for an Entire Year
$10 Feeds a Child for 1 Month
Mamun lives with his parents, three brothers, and one sister in a one-room, tin shed house that has a mud floor. His family shares a cooking stove and toilet with many other families. Mamun’s auntie and uncle live in a village, in a similar house to Mamun’s. They have power, but no gas for cooking. Neither of Mamun’s parents are working. To earn money, Mamun sells stickers, a common job that many kids in Dhaka do. Mamun feels happy when he passes his school exams and when he can help others – he wants to become a doctor. For fun, Mamun enjoys playing outside in the park.
At School: English
Sports Star: Saquib-ul-hasan, A Cricketer
Music: Singer Imran Khan
TV Show/Movie: Bangla Movies
Food: Beef and Rice
Activity With Family: Eating Meals Together
$8 Feeds Ameena for 1 Month
Ameena, her parents, and two sisters live in a one-room, tin shed house in Dhaka. Her family shares a cooking stove and toilet with some other families who live nearby. Ameena says that in summer the house gets very hot and is uncomfortable. Ameena’s grandparents live in a small village, in a house with a mud floor, bamboo walls, and no power or gas. To earn money Ameena’s father drives a van and her mother works as a cook. Ameena feels happy when she gets good grades at school. She likes to help others and dreams of becoming a doctor. After school Ameena takes a bath, has something to eat, studies, and looks after her younger sister. For fun Ameena likes to go outside and enjoy the day.
Sports Star: Messi, a soccer player from Argentina
Music: Nazrul Sangeet, songs by Kazi Nazrul Islam, Bangladesh’s most famous poet
TV Show/Movie: Tumi Nirobay, a Bangladeshi show
Food: Chicken Pulao, a rice dish made with coconut milk and chicken
Activity With Family: Playing with them
A chance encounter with a teenage girl and her distraught baby inspired Rezwan Hussain to open a school for girls in the slums of Dhaka’s Rayer Bazar.
Rezwan is the founder and principal of Ariel School. He is also an assistant professor at the University of Liberal Arts Bangladesh (ULAB), where he teaches economic development, business, and English composition.
Brishti and Rasia were the inspiration for Rezwan’s decision to make Ariel and all-girls school.
In the spring of 2015 Rezwan was walking the slums near ULAB when he met a 14-year-old girl carrying a baby. Her baby. The baby’s arm appeared to be broken. Rezwan rushed them both to a nearby hospital to oversee treatment for the infant. He learned that the young girl got money by begging. The father of the child did little or nothing for the family. Rezwan glimpsed the future — “perhaps only thirteen-and-a-half short years from now” — when the little baby with the bandaged arm might be carrying her own child.
“I thought, ‘This is nuts. The one thing that might break this cycle is education. Getting young girls in school and keeping them there.’”
Hand Washing Seminar in Dhaka’s Rayer Bazar
Shortly after this incident Rezwan watched his economic development students give a hand washing and hygiene info session for kids in this same slum community. When the session finished he asked one of the parents, a rickshaw driver named Billal, if the kids would be heading off to school now that the presentation was over.
“Billal said, ‘Probably not. Half the kids don’t go to school.’”
Rezwan was shocked. Universal primary education is the law in Bangladesh. Though at $25 for admission fees and $6 a month plus expenses, it’s no wonder so many youngsters don’t go to school. As Rezwan was leaving, Billal shouted, “Hey — why don’t you start a free school?”
The moment I asked to take a photo, Kushbo, 4, immediately put both her hands on her hips and struck a pose. She will be one of Ariel’s very first students.
Rezwan needed more info about slum children and school attendance. His students did a random survey in Rayer Bazar, seeking the poorest of the poor, especially households with a young daughter.
“My students asked residents if their daughter was registered in school. Most said, ‘No.’”
Rezwan’s idea began to percolate. The goal was to teach preschoolers, specifically girls aged 3–4, from the poorest homes, the ones with little or no income, with thatched roofs and tin walls, shoddy electric and gas feeds, and contaminated water supplies. As most of the adults did low-paying work — if any — even the seemingly paltry expense of $6 a month was unfeasible to most. Rezwan’s challenge was to figure out how to get slum parents to enroll their daughters when the household had next to no income.
“If the tuition were free, of course that would help. But what if it were a girls-only school? Would that increase enrollment?”
Thus the survey asked slum residents another question: Would you consider sending your daughter to an all-girls school? Ninety percent said Yes.
A typical home the Rayer Bazar Slums is made of bamboo, has one room, houses more than 4 people, and shares toilets and wood burning stoves with many inhabitants.
Ariel School wants to empower its preschoolers. Like many young girls in Bangladesh, these female students face pitfalls: dropping out, child marriage, poverty.
Beliefs also play a surprisingly large role in whether a young one stays in school. While money and costs are without doubt obstacles, warped beliefs (“We’re poor, we’re not supposed to be in school”) have a profound influence on attendance, particularly so for female students. Rezwan believes that providing girls a safe sanctuary like Ariel at an early age will instill habits, skills, routines, and beliefs powerful enough to influence these girls to continue their studies — hopefully long enough to avoid the fates of so many young slum mothers.
Work begins at the future site of Ariel School. Unlike most, students at Ariel will have access to washroom facilities (brick structures in backgroud).
Perhaps equally important, but overlooked under the towering shadow of intergenerational poverty, is how basic knowledge — counting, learning the alphabet, writing one’s name — and physical activities like singing and dancing can lift a little one’s spirits, relieving stress, if only temporarily.
In the summer of 2015 Rezwan began searching for a classroom. After a few dead ends, he got lucky. Once again his students figured into a fortunate chain of events. Out wandering the neighbourhood one day they found a space behind the local high school. It was on the second-floor and needed renovations. But it was a space.
Bosha, 5, lives with her mom, Rubina, in an alley by the school. Her mother raises her alone on her $40 a month maid’s salary. Her father abandoned them right after Bosha was born. She will be one of Ariel’s first students.
Next, teachers. Since Rezwan hadn’t any money to pay teachers he looked for volunteers among his own students and others at ULAB, via the college’s community service program. More than 100 were registered volunteers in the program. Almost effortlessly Ariel School had a staff — even before it had a curriculum or supplies. Thanks to Rezwan’s sister’s friend, who runs a well-known, private K–12 school in Dhaka, books were delivered, a curriculum was drawn up, and teacher training was organized.
Ariel’s washroom facilities are the last pieces of the puzzle and, as of this writing, are in the process of being installed. The school is set to open in early April 2016.
“What I’ve learned,” says Rezwan, “is that things don’t always go according to plan. Trying to start a preschool in the slums of Dhaka is unpredictable. In Bangladesh everything takes far longer than you’d expect. But, I also got lucky. I asked people for their help. I had a vision and thought, ‘Why not give it a shot?’”
This isn’t the end of Ariel’s story. In fact, it’s just the beginning.
We need YOUR support — your donations — so that we can feed these 25 preschoolers at Ariel and others like them on our wait list. As Rezwan says, “One small, healthy meal would encourage attendance, build morale, and promote the physical and cognitive development of the children.”
Please help us give these little girls a chance to forge their own positive destinies. Together we can break the vicious cycle of poverty and despair that is all too common in Dhaka’s slums.